Setup Menus in Admin Panel

Linux Basic Command

Windows Linux using Cygwin

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ cd /cygdrive/

[Switch to hard drive drivers example: c d e f]

Misc Commands

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ pwd

[pwd will show the Present working directory]

Directory/File List commands

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ ls

[ls will show the list of file and directory of present working directory.]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ ls b*

[ls b* will show the list of file and directory starting with b and end with anything.]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ ls -l

[Listing of all files and directory along with attributes(i.e. more detailed format like file permission, file size etc.]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ ls -a

[Listing of all files and directory along with hidden file or file starting with periods (i.e. file stating with * like *bashrc]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ ls -R

[show the listing of file and directory in tree structure.]

Read/Write/Transfer/Rename File commands

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ head -20 <filename>

[ Look at the 20 lines at beginning of a file]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ tail -20 <filename>

[ Look at the last 20 lines of a file]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ watch tail -n 15 <filename>

[ Look at the last 20 lines of a growing file (Server log file)]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ cat PradeepIT.txt

[User can use the command cat to see the preview of PradeepIT.txt file.]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ cat > testfile.txt

[ Use to create file]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ mv mytext.txt mytext2.txt

[rename the file mytext.txt to mytext2.txt]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ cat PradeepIT.txt onemore.txt >>new.txt

[Transfer the content of PradeepIT.txt and onemore.txt to new.txt file.]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ rm PradeepIT.txt

[rm remove the file PradeepIT.txt.]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ Vi <filename>

[It will create a Blank file. Note : It will create only if you press Esc keyword followed by :wq!]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ Vi <file1> <file2> <file3>

[It will create multiple file at once.]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ Vi file1.txt

[to open file1.txt using Vi]

[i- to insert text in file1.txt]

[press Shift+: and then type wq to save and quit.

: q to exit without any changes in file

: x to save changes and exit.]

Commands for Quit Vi EDITOR

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ :q

[to quit (short for :quit)]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ :q!

[Used to quit without saving (short for :quit!)]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ :wq

[Used to write and quit (think write and quit)]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ :wq!

[Used to write and quit even if file has only read permission (if file does not have write permission: force write)]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ : x

[ Used to write and quit (shorter than :wq)]

pradeepit@pradeepit-pc:~$ :qa

[Used to quit all (short for :quitall)]

January 15, 2016

0 responses on "Linux Basic Command"

Leave a Message

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

About Us

Pradeep Academy is an online & Training institute To make learning easy, interesting, affordable and accessible to millions of learners across the Globe. To create an alternative learning platform, using a unique learning methodology of live online interactive courses along with 24x7 support. We aim to empower our customers with skills which will help them get an edge in their careers and improve their lives.

Contact Us

Address :

PradeepIT Consulting Services Pvt Ltd

205,Brigade gardens, No.19 Church Street , Bangalore – 560001, Karnataka, India

Email :
Ph No: 08047363377
© Pradeep Academy.  Design & Developed by