What is Linux and How to run Linux commands @ Windows Operating System?

Linux

Linux is an open-source operating system modeled on UNIX.

Features

  • Linux Mint is an elegant, easy to use, up to date and comfortable GNU/Linux desktop distribution
  • Multitasking: several programs running at the same time.
  • Multi-user: several users on the same machine at the same time (and no two-user licenses!).
  • Multi-platform: runs on many different CPUs, not just Intel.
  • Multiprocessor/multi-threading: it has native kernel support for multiple independent threads of control within a single process memory space.

Run Linux Command @ Window

Runsetup-x86.exe any time you want to update or install a Cygwin package for 32-bit windows. The signature for setup-x86.exe can be used to verify the validity of this binary using this public key.

cyi01welcome

ClickNext to proceed to the next screen.

Choose,Install from Internet, this will still save the package files to your download directory so that you can install Cygwin on any number of machines:

cyi02installoption

Click Next to proceed to the next screen.

The default Install Root is c:\cygwin or C: \cygwin64 for 64-bit  which should be fine for most installations. Leave Default Text File Type as UNIX. Leave Install For set to All unless you lack local administrative privileges.

cyi03installto

Click Next to proceed to the next screen.

Local Package Directory should default to the directory that you ran setup.exe from:

cyi04directory

Click Next to proceed to the next screen.

Choose your proxy setup, or, just choose Direct Connection if no proxy is needed:

cyi05proxy

Click Next to proceed to the next screen.

Select your nearest mirror for downloading:

cyi06mirror

Click Next to proceed to the next screen; setup will download a list of available packages as it moves to the next screen.

On the next screen you will select the packages that will be downloaded and installed. A listing of the Cygwin/X packages is given below; a listing of the general Cygwin packages would be beyond the scope of this document.
•    Cygwin/X packages are located in the X11 category.
•    xorg-server (required, the Cygwin/X X Server)
•    xinit (required, scripts for starting the X server: xinit, startx, startwin (and a shortcut on the Start Menu to run it), startxdmcp.bat )
•    xorg-docs (optional, man pages)
•    X-start-menu-icons (optional, adds icons for X Clients to the Start menu)
•    You may also select any X client programs you want to use, and any fonts you would like to have available.
•    You may also want to ensure that the inetutils or openssh packages are selected if you wish to use telnet or ssh connections to run remote X clients.

cyi07packages

Click Next to begin the download process, you may want to try another mirror if you see a “Connecting” message on this screen for a long period of time:

cyi08downloading

After the packages are downloaded, setup will automatically begin to install them:

cyi09installing

I highly recommend allowing Cygwin Setup to create Desktop and Start Menu icons for you; these icons simply launch a bash shell:

Click Finish to close the setup program.

January 15, 2016

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